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Single row full complement cylindrical roller bearings can absorb highest radial forces thanks to the highest possible number of rolling elements. The bearings are very rigid and especially suitable for space-efficient constructions. Speeds of full complement bearings are distinctly lower than those of cylindrical roller bearings with cage. Single row full complement cylindrical roller bearings can be disassembled and are easily installed or uninstalled. They are suitable for low speeds and only allow angular errors to a limited extent.

 

Dimensions and Tolerances

KRW supplies single row full complement cylindrical roller bearings with normal tolerance (PN) in accordance to DIN 620-2 (Tolerances for roller bearings) and ISO 492 (Radial bearings - Dimensional and geometrical tolerances). All other deviating or special tolerances must be specified with the order.

Rolling Bearing Tolerances

Standards

The general dimensions of the cylindrical roller bearings are standardised in DIN 616 (Rolling bearings - Dimensions) and ISO 15 (Radial bearings - Boundary dimensions, general plan).

 

Full complement cylindrical roller bearings

Full complement cylindrical roller bearings - Type NCF

Bearing Design

Single row full complement cylindrical roller bearings are dismountable and non-latching bearings that are distinguished in the types NCF and NJG. The inner ring of NCF bearings has two integral flanges while the outer ring has one integral flange. A locking washer on the flange-less side of the outer ring prevents the rollers from falling out of the assembly.

Attention: Full complement cylindrical roller bearings are not compulsively designed as latching. The rolling elements can consequently fall out during disassembly. Attention must be paid to the suffixes.

Full complement cylindrical roller bearings

Full complement cylindrical roller bearings - Type NJG

NJG bearings are equipped with two solid flanges on the outer ring and one on the inner ring. This bearing design has a self-latching roller set which makes mounting and dismounting the bearing easier. Both bearing types can absorb single-direction axial forces and are used as step bearings. The single-sided solid flange facilitates an axial guidance of the shaft towards the housing in one direction.

 

 

Roller profiling and tension distribution of cylindrical rollers in comparison

Roller profiling and tension distribution of cylindrical rollers in comparison. Left without profiling, right with profiling

By default, cylindrical roller bearings by KRW are designed with optimised contact areas between rolling elements and raceways. Due to the logarithmic profiling of the cylindrical rollers, damaging edge tension is avoided even with very high loads.

Single row full complement cylindrical roller bearings are suitable for the absorption of highest radial forces and offer especially high radial rigidity.

Bearing Clearance

KRW supplies single row full complement cylindrical roller bearings in normal clearance (CN) in accordance with DIN 620-4 (Rolling bearing tolerances) and ISO 5753-1 (Rolling bearings - Internal clearance), but they are also available in all clearance classes with restricted clearance or special clearance. Bearing components with a standardised bearing type with identical standard clearance are interchangeable with each other. For clearance classes smaller than CN or restricted clearance classes, an interchange of bearing components is no longer possible because the components must be compatible.

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Special Suffixes

Vfull complement bearing (without cage)
VHfull complement bearing (without cage), self-retaining

 

Compensation of Angular Misalignments

Single row full complement cylindrical roller bearings are of limited suitability for compensation of misalignments. The admissible misalignment between inner and outer ring depends on the bearing size, the internal bearing design, the clearance fit, and the acting of forces and moments. Misalignments cause harmful unwinding of the roller elements and produce additional stresses in the bearing which reduce its operating life.

 

 

Speed

KRW distinguishes between kinematic limiting speed nG and thermal reference speed nth. The kinematic limiting speed is a practical mechanical limit value and is based on the mechanical fatigue strength of the rolling bearing as a function of its installation situation and lubrication. The limit speed must not be exceeded even under optimum operating conditions without prior consultation with KRW.

The thermal reference speed represents the equilibrium between the heat generated in the bearing by friction and the heat flow dissipated. It is standardised in DIN ISO 15312 (Rolling bearings - Thermal reference speed).

Admissible Operating Temperatures

The admissible operating temperature of a bearing is limited by cage material, dimensional stability of the bearing components (ball race and rolling elements), as well as lubrication. By default, KRW bearings are stabilised up to 200°C (S1). KRW provides roller bearings for higher operating temperatures on request.

 

General Information to Cage Material

Dimensioning

For dynamically loaded bearings

The service life formula according to ISO 281 L10 = (C/P)p for dynamically loaded bearings requires an equivalent load (P) from constant direction and size. To calculate P, calculation factors and the ratio of axial and radial load are required. This is shown in the following equations.

Equivalent Dynamic Bearing Load P

a) Floating bearing

For a purely radially loaded cylindrical roller bearing acting as a floating bearing, the following applies:

Pequivalent dynamic load[kN]
Frdynamic radial force[kN]

 

b) Fixed bearings

The equivalent bearing service life for axially loaded radial cylindrical roller bearings (cylindrical roller bearings with flanges on the inner and outer ring for axial shaft guidance) depends on the ratio Fa/Fr (axial force / radial force). The equivalent dynamic bearing load can then be determined using the following formula:

Pequivalent dynamic load[kN]
Frdynamic radial force[kN]
Fadynamic axial force[kN]
ecalculation factor, see chart[-]

 

dimension seriesfactor e
180,2
22, 29, 30, 230,3

If Fa/Fr  > e, please consult KRW Application Engineering Team.

 

For statically loaded bearings

Dynamic dimensioning loses its validity for bearings rotating at very low speeds (n x dm ≤ 4000 mm/min). The static load safety factor S0 is calculated as follows:

S0static load safety factor[-]
C0static load rating (from bearing chart)[kN]
P0 equivalent static bearing load[kN]
nSpeed[min-1]
dmmean diameter [dm = (D+d)/2][mm]

 

Static load capacity

F0rmax. radial static load[kN]

 

Admissible dynamic axial load capacity

The axial load capacity of a cylindrical roller bearing with flanges on the inner and outer ring depends primarily on the heat balance of the bearing and thus on the lubrication and friction conditions. For axial bearing loads there always must be a load-carrying lubricant film on the contact area between the front side of the rolling element and the flange. Before using the formula below, the following operating conditions must be met:

  • viscosity ratio K ≥ 2
  • max. misalignment between inner and outer ring ≤ 1 angular minute
  • For grease lubrication, attention must be paid that there is an axial load that is changing in load direction so there always is enough lubrication at the contact point.
  • EP additives are recommended
FaHadmissible hydrodynamic stress limit[N]
fbfor full complement bearings    0,0061[-]
dmmean bearing diameter[mm]
nSpeed[min-1]
νoperating viscosity[mm²/s]

For cylindrical roller bearings subject to high axial loads, the loaded flanges must be supported over the entire flange height. The height of the flanges can be taken from the bearing charts.

Minimum Radial Load

A minimum load is required for the reliable operation of a rolling bearing. If the minimum load is not reached, slippage may occur. The minimum radial load for full complement cylindrical roller bearings is roughly assumed to be 1,67% of the static load rating C0 of the bearing. If the value falls below this value, please consult KRW Application Technology.

 


 

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